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One of the most striking features in the Moroccan architecture is the zellige. Zellige is a Moorish art form that attend heavily in the Moroccan ornamentation that has taken from the roman empire and the Andalousian culture since the 10th century and that has been developed by the local hand craft since the 17th. Zellige is used for palaces, Mosques, Stylish Hotels, Riads and Hammams for spa. Throughout this material, the artisan can make decoration in different ways such as: Zellige, Fountain and Table top.
From the one hand, zellige were almost associated with a bourgeoisie class to make this kind of art in their houses , palaces and riads. Zellige is a mixture of clay and water tosses in pit in the ground called ZUBBA and leave it soften for a while,. then put it in rectangular mold and leave it to dry under the natural heat of the sun. after that we carry on that zellige to the glazing stage . the artisan glaze it and put it in the oven for firing until it gives complete square tile. So, the story of this square tile has been just started. the artisan put a small shape called FERMA on the square tile upside down and starts tracing that FERMA on the tile through using an ink. then he starts cutting it through using a hammer and there is another artisan should be always next to him for under cutting it, until it gives the final shape that can help another artisan to fix it with other items to form a complete covered wall. The turbulent past of morocco is reflected in the strong fortifications of the desert and in the walls of the palaces, which are always well protected. It is also the style that Moroccans choose to decorate the interiors of buildings; thus becoming architectural wonders, with a unique and majestic atmosphere.
The Moroccan architecture also shows some dominant characteristics. Most buildings have large arches and domes . it is also common to find lovely courtyards, extensive gardens and the use of ornaments to decorate the exteriors of buildings, in the Moroccan palaces, Islamic calligraphy is also used as decoration , instead of images. And as mentioned before , the use of color also plays an important role in designs. geometric pattern are also commonly linked to the country’s architecture . we are very proud to have like this kind of architecture here in fes because it shows the ingenuity of the artisan that can take you in the flow of meditation and imagination and to find out how the artisan combine between architecture, mathematics and engineering for example: the mosque Hassan 2 is one of the most famous architectural wonders. Open to visitors in organized tours. This mosaic decoration represents the perfection and elegance also the rich history of the Moroccan treasures.
From the other hand, fountains and table top are part of the Moroccan architecture that fascinates all the tourist with just a glance. The rich history of this country has left its mark in the form of constructive and decorative jewels fountains and table top have almost the same way like zellige but the difference is that we put the small shapes upside down and this is the most complicated stage , because the artisan should put the right item in the right place with the right color at the right time , after that the artisan put cement to fix all the small items together and leave it to dry under the shade , then when the fountain get dried , we flipped out on its real face that were hidden on the ground. This process is 100 % Hand man made and self man made .